Wednesday, January 23, 2013

A New Theory


Werner Heisenberg: a pioneer in quantum mechanics, a trail blazer in the field of physics, and a total badass. With Heisenberg's deviant, insightful, and innovative thinking and understanding of the nature of subatomic particle physics, he established and codified matrix mechanics, which led to a greater understanding of atoms and their constituent particles. Ultimately, this made way for improvements of Bohr's model of the atom that accounted for atoms with more than one electron and eventually the ground-breaking Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle. Because of his work and accomplishments, Heisenberg's theories allowed for the development of an entirely new and awe-inspiringly abstract branch of physics new to the scientific community: quantum-freaking-mechanics. --Amy Z.


Werner Heisenberg, is perhaps one of the most important names that you will hear in the world of physics. He was born in Germany before World War I and was a talent student in school. He attended the University of  Munich and received his PhD only three years later. He worked with many other scientists and in 1925, he developed the Matrix Model which was later used in his Uncertainty Theory. Werner Heisenberg contributed to atomic theory by including quantum mechanics, the branch of mechanics, based on quantum theory. --Junkang X.

Ernest Rutherford was born in 1871 in Brightwater, New Zealand. His mother and father were Martha and James Rutherford and they weren't the wealthiest people, but they were very hard-working. Ernest had many siblings and liked to do a bunch of outside activities with them. Ernest became very interested in science at the age of 10 when he got his first science book. As he got older, Ernest he designed what was then the world's most sensitive electromagnetic wave detector in about 1896. He proved that x-rays can cause molecules in the air to split into equal positive and negative charged particles. Also, he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908. Sadly, because of hernia complications, Ernest Rutherford died after an unsuccessful surgery and was cremated. He died on October 19, 1937. To people of his time, he will always be remembered as the "Father of Nuclear Physics". --Alison K.


Ernest Rutherford, a phenomenal physicist, was born in Spring Grove, New Zealand on August 30, 1871. Rutherford enjoyed examining the outside world while, which is where his interest for science was born. In 1895, he came second in a competition to attend Cambridge University in England. At the university, he discovered and named alpha and beta decay while coining the terms of several rays. He demonstrated radioactivity as the sporadic breakage of atoms and was the first to disintegrate an element. Ernest Rutherford conducted a very popular experiment by shooting positively and negatively charged atoms at gold foil. He used this to identify the atomic structure of an atom. The deflection of the alpha particles showed that there is a dense, positively charged region with protons containing most of the atomic mass. Rutherford began to find out the existence of neutrons. He proved that x-rays can cause particles to split into positive and negative charges. Unfortunately, his health began to weaken and due to a failed surgery, he died on October 19, 1937 in England. Ernest Rutherford will always be remembered as "The Father of Nuclear Physics". 
--Simran S.


  Enrico Fermi was born on September 29, 1901. During his childhood and teen years, he discovered an interest for mathematics and physics. He attended many universities throughout his life and received his doctor’s degree in Physics by the year 1922. He deeply studied atomic energy and radioactive energy with many other physicists. Through Fermi’s life, he won awards such as: the Nobel Peace Prize in Physics, Franklin Metal, Matteucci Medal, Hughes Medal, and the Rumford Prize. He was known as an Italian Physicist and for his work on the first nuclear reactor, contributions to the devolution of the quantum theory, nuclear energy, particle physics, and statistical mechanics. --Lauren Van R.



Enrico Fermi was a great scholar and an amazing scientist. Even in the early stages of life he showed just how exceedingly intelligent he really was. After attending numerous schools of science he himself began to teach others in these fields as well. Throughout his career he delved into atomic and radioactive sciences. Along the way he also received numerous awards like: The Nobel  Prize, Franklin Metal, and Matteucci Medal. He was also asked to be a part of the Manhattan Project which was put under the code name "Project Trinity". After the project he continued his research in neutrons and nuclear physics. --Chase W.




Dimitri Mendeleev: He is one of the Best chemist's in the world, to cut it short. He was able to discover and predict the properties of future elements. He also was the one to make the periodic table as we know it today. Mendeleev was born in Verkhnie Aremzyani, a village in Russia. He was also an inventor, he had designed the spectroscope in Heidelberg. He even wrote a book about the spectroscope too. In 1893, he was appointed Director of the Bureau of Weights and Measures. Basically setting the standards for vodka, making the ratio of alcohol to other ingredients 40%. A while later and he did it again, making the first oil refinery in Russia. In 1905, Mendeleev was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. A year later and he wins the Nobel prize. When he started making the periodic table, there were only 56 known elements with a rate of one new element per year. He can predict the next new elements with his uncompleted periodic table. And all of the guesses were correct! Almost at the end of his life, he is very old with the periodic table almost complete with almost all 92 elements discovered. He is a hero to Russia and the world of chemistry. Not bad for a Chemist and an Inventor. --Vladlen G.


Marie Curie was an engineer in the world of chemistry, breaking down scientific barriers with her discoveries on radioactivity, as well as gender inequality barriers, as she was the first extremely successful woman to dominate this field. She, in conjunction with her husband, until his untimely demise, worked arduously on the radioactive properties of uranium, and discovering the elements radium and polonium, which they isolated from pitchblende. She received two Nobel Prizes for her work. One was shared with Becquerel for their work with radioactivity, and the second was for the discovery of radium and polonium. --Sam B.


        Erwin was scientist from Austria that created the model called the Quantum Mechanical Model. This model stated that Bohr’s previous model was incorrect. Bohr’s model stated the definition that you can find the exact location of where an electron is. Erwin did not agree with this and he found a new way to explain the atom. In his mind he came up with a mathematical equation that could predict the location of the electron. He said that there was an electron cloud instead of the model Bohr came up with. He set a path for future scientists to follow and assisted in what we now understand about the atom. --Teanna H. 

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